Reaxis®  C317 - Dibutyltin bis-(2-ethylhexyl maleate)

REAXIS® C317, also known as Dibutyltin bis-2-ethylhexyl maleate, Dibutyltin-bis-ethylhexylmaleate or Dibutyltin bis-(2-ethylhexylmaleate), is a member of the dialkyl family of organotins. As a dibutyltin carboxylate with a unique ligand, REAXIS® C317 is characterized by moderate reactivity compared to other more common dibutyltin-based products. REAXIS® C317 is primarily used as a Lewis Acid-based homogeneous catalyst in a wide range of silicone (condensation reactions) and polyurethane applications. Similar products would include, REAXIS® C218 (Dibutyltin Dilaurate), REAXIS® C221 (Dibutyltin Dineodecanoate) and REAXIS® C233 (Dibutyltin Diacetate). The dioctyltin analogue of REAXIS® C317 would be REAXIS® C314. REAXIS® C317 is present on most international regulatory lists including US TSCA and Canada DSL.

 

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Technical Information

  • Product Category Organotin

  • Chemical Name Dibutyltin bis-(2-ethylhexyl maleate)

  • CAS Number 15546-12-0

Typical Specifications

Parameter Range
Tin Content (%) 17.0 Min
Color (Gardner Number) 3 Max
Viscosity (cP @ 20°C) 450 Max
Density (g/ml) 1.10 - 1.18

International Regulatory Listings

  • TSCA (US) Yes

  • DSL (Canada) Yes

  • AICS (Australia) Yes

  • IECSC (China) Yes

  • ENCS (Japan) Yes

  • TCSI (Taiwan) Yes

  • NZloC (New Zealand) Yes

  • PICCS (The Philippines) Yes

  • NDSL (Canada) No

  • REACH (EU) No

  • KECI (South Korea) No

Applications

REAXIS® C317 and its alternatives can be used as homogenous catalysts in a wide spectrum of silicone and polyurethane applications including adhesives, sealants, coatings, plastics, and foams.  Silicone-based applications include: acetoxy-, ethoxy- and oxime-based Room Temperature Vulcanizing (RTV) adhesives and sealants, polyethylene crosslinked silanes (PEX), and select silane modified polymers (SMPs).  As a polyurethane catalyst, REAXIS® C317 is a suitable catalyst for a wide range of aromatic isocyanate-based formulations, specifically those used in adhesives, sealants, and elastomers

Reactivity

As a dibutyltin with large ligand, the reactivity of REAXIS® C317 is best characterized as balanced, with moderate front and back-end reactivity compared to more common dibutyltin catalysts such as REAXIS® C218 (DBTL) and REAXIS® C233 (DBTDA). This reactivity is evidenced in most polyurethane and silicone applications. REAXIS® C317 is a good catalyst for applications requiring moderate front -end reactivities/ or a gradual cure such coatings, adhesives, & sealants, and elastomers.  In regard to silicone reactions, REAXIS® C317 will catalyze the silanol/silane condensation reaction, thus acting as both a polymerization and crosslinking catalyst. As a polyurethane catalyst, REAXIS® C317 will catalyze the isocyanate-polyol reaction more selectively compared to catalysis of the water reaction. Thus, in polyurethane REAXIS® C317 acts as a polymerization/gelation catalyst. To a limited extent, reactivity can be controlled by adjusting dosing concentration.

 

 

Package & Storage

  • 44 lb (20 kg) plastic pail
  • 485 lb (220 kg) plastic drum

REAXIS® C317 should be stored in the original packaging at moderate temperatures and kept from freezing. The container should be closed tightly after each use to maximize shelf life. Characteristic of most Sn (IV) organotins, the primary cause of instability would be hydrolysis. Hydrolysis results the formation of tin oxide insolubles leading to deactivation of REAXIS® C317.

Safety and Handling

Before use of Reaxis products please refer to the relevant Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for safety and toxicological data as well as for the information on proper transportation, storage, and use. SDSs are available by request via our web site reaxis.com, contacting your local representative, or emailing direct to techservices@reaxis.com.

Hazard Classification (US SDS)

Section Hazard Class Category Hazard Statement
A.10 acute toxicity (oral) 3 H301
A.1D acute toxicity (dermal) 4 H312
A.2 skin corrosion/irritation 2 H315
A.3 serious eye damage/eye irritation 2 H319
A.9 specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure 2 H373

Hazard Pictograms (US SDS)

exclamation_mark
health_hazard
skull_and_crossbones

Transportation Information (US SDS)

DOT IMDG ICAO Environment Hazard
UN Number UN 2788 UN 2788 UN 2788 non-environmentally hazardous acc. to the dangerous goods regulations
UN Proper Shipping Name Organotin compounds, liquid, n.o.s. ORGANOTIN COMPOUNDS, LIQUID, N.O.S. Organotin compounds, liquid, n.o.s.
Transport Class 6.1 6.1 6.1
Packing Group lll lll lll

Primary Composition Substance(s)

  • 2-Ethylhexyl 6,6-dibutyl-14-ethyl-4,8,11-trioxo- 5,7,12-trioxa-6-stannaoctadeca-2,9-dienoate

Alternative Product(s) to Consider

This information is provided to the best of our knowledge but without obligation. Reaxis is not liable for any incorrect or missing information. This data sheet becomes invalid upon publication of a new version. Please contact us for the latest version.

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