Reaxis®  C319 - Dibutyltin Dilauryl Mercaptide

REAXIS® C319 (Dibutyltin Dilauryl Mercaptide), also known as Di-N bis-(Dodecylthio)Tin or Dibutyl bis-(Dodecylthio) Stannane, is a butyl-based dialkyl organotin with added functionality. REAXIS® C319 has the characteristic reactivity of a Sn (IV) organotin catalyst with improved upfront delay and improved hydrolytic stability due to the presence of a ligand with thiol functionality. Used primarily in polyurethanes, REAXIS® C319 imparts more controlled reactivity when compared to standard metal carboxylates such as REAXIS® C218 (Dibutyltin Dilaurate), REAXIS® C216 (Dioctyltin Dilaurate), and REAXIS® C325 (Dimethyltin Dineodecanoate). Tin catalysts similar to REAXIS® C319 include REAXIS® C320 (Dioctyltin Dilauryl Mercaptide), REAXIS® C214 (Dioctyltin bis-(isooctyl Mercaptoacetate) and its isomer, REAXIS® C416 (Dioctyltin bis-(2-Ethylhexyl Mercaptocetate)). REAXIS® C319 is a commonly used commercial catalyst and is thus present on most global inventory lists. 

For additional information, we invite you to read our technical bulletins on Iron Catalysts for Urethane Chemistries and Strategies for Improving Back-End Reactivity of Bismuth Carboxylate Catalysts.

Request A Sample Download The Technical Data Sheet

Technical Information

  • Product Category Organotin

  • Chemical Name Dibutyltin Dilauryl Mercaptide

  • CAS Number 1185-81-5

Typical Specifications

Parameter Range
Tin Content (%) 17.7 -19.0
Color (Gardner Number) 5 Max
Viscosity (cP @ 20°C) 40 Max
Density (g/ml) 1.00 - 1.06

International Regulatory Listings

  • TSCA (US) Yes

  • DSL (Canada) Yes

  • AICS (Australia) Yes

  • KECI (South Korea) Yes

  • IECSC (China) Yes

  • ENCS (Japan) Yes

  • TCSI (Taiwan) Yes

  • NZloC (New Zealand) Yes

  • PICCS (The Philippines) Yes

  • NDSL (Canada) No

  • REACH (EU) No

Applications

Unlike standard organotin carboxylates, sulfur-bearing organotins are primarily used as a catalyst for polyurethanes. Catalysts such REAXIS® C319, tend to be inactive in regard to reactivity when used in silicone and esterification related applications.As the sulfur ligand acts as a blocking agent, thermal deblocking is required to initiate the back-end cure. Thus, catalysts such as REAXIS® C319 tend to perform best in adhesive, elastomer, and foam applications with adequate exotherms. For coatings applications, REAXIS® C319 can be used in baked cured systems in contrast to ambient cured systems. 

Reactivity

As is typical of most organotin and inorganic tin catalysts, the specific ligand and addition to metal concentration contributes a major influence on overall reactivity. This is specifically highlighted in regard to sulfur- bearing ligands. In general, these sulfur ligands impart improved front-end delay and hydrolytic stability versus standard tin carboxylates. Standard ligands include thiols, mercaptides and mercaptoacetates. Reactivity as defined by delay, thermal availability, hydrolytic stability, and final cure will depend on the specific ligand, tin content, alkyl group and, most importantly, other raw materials used in the specific polyurethane formulation. As REAXIS® C319 is a mercaptan based catalyst, its delay should be less pronounced compared mercaptoacetates such REAXIS® C416, REAXIS® C214, and REAXIS® C322. In regard to reactivity of the various urethane reactions, catalysts such as REAXIS® C319 will selectively catalyze the isocyanate-polyol reaction, with less of an effect on the water reaction. 

 

 

Package & Storage

  • 44 lb (20 kg) plastic pail
  • 440 lb (200 kg) steel drum

REAXIS® C319 should be stored in the original packaging at moderate temperatures and kept from freezing. The container should be closed tightly after each use to maximize shelf life. Characteristic of most Sn (IV) organotins, the primary cause of instability would be hydrolysis. Although more stable compared to organotin carboxylates, long term contact with moisture could result in hydrolysis with the formation of tin oxide insolubles leading to deactivation of REAXIS® C319. 

Safety and Handling

Before use of Reaxis products please refer to the relevant Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for safety and toxicological data as well as for the information on proper transportation, storage, and use. SDSs are available by request via our web site reaxis.com, contacting your local representative, or emailing direct to techservices@reaxis.com.

Featured Technical Bulletins

Technical Bulletins

Hazard Classification (US SDS)

Section Hazard Class Category Hazard Statement
A.1D acute toxicity (dermal) 4 H312
A.2 skin corrosion/irritation 2 H315
A.4S skin corrosion/irritation 1 H317
A.5 germ cell mutagenicity 2 H341
A.7 reproductive toxicity 1B H360
A.9 specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure 1 H372

Hazard Pictograms (US SDS)

environment
exclamation_mark
health_hazard

Transportation Information (US SDS)

DOT IMDG ICAO Environment Hazard
Un Number UN 3082 UN 3082 UN 3082 hazardous to the aquatic environment
UN Proper Shipping Name Environmentally hazardous substance, liquid, n.o.s. ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S. Environmentally hazardous substance, liquid, n.o.s.
Transport Class 9 9 9
Packing Group lll lll lll

Primary Composition Substance(s)

  • Bis(neodecanoyloxy)dioctylstannane

Alternative Product(s) to Consider

This information is provided to the best of our knowledge but without obligation. Reaxis is not liable for any incorrect or missing information. This data sheet becomes invalid upon publication of a new version. Please contact us for the latest version.

Reaxis R Logo

Question About Our Products?

Are you unsure of what you are looking for? We want to hear your story. Maybe we can become a part of it.

Speak With An Expert