Reaxis®  C418 - Dibutyltin bis-(isooctyl mercaptoacetate)

REAXIS® C418 (Dibutyl bis- (isooctyl mercaptoacetate), also known as DibutylTin Bis(Isooctylthioglycolate) or Stannane, bis(Isooctyloxycarbonylmethylthio)dibutyl-, is a butyl-based dialkyl organotin with added functionality.  REAXIS® C418 has the characteristic reactivity of a Sn (IV) organotin catalyst with improved upfront delay and improved hydrolytic stability due to the presence of a sulfur-based ligand. Used primarily in polyurethanes, REAXIS® C418 imparts more controlled reactivity versus standard metal carboxylates such as REAXIS® C218 (Dibutyltin Dilaurate), REAXIS® C216 (Dioctyltin Dilaurate), and REAXIS® C325 (Dimethyltin Dineodecanoate). The octyl analogue of REAXIS® C418 would be REAXIS® C214. Other catalysts similar to REAXIS® C418 include, REAXIS® C319 (Dibutyltin Mercaptide), REAXIS® C320 (Dioctyltin Mercaptide), REAXIS® C227 (Dibutyltin bis-(1-thioglycerol)), and its isomer, REAXIS® C416 (Dioctyltin bis-(2-Ethylhexyl Mercaptocetate)). REAXIS® C418 is present on a wide range of international regulatory lists. 

For more information, we invite you to read our technical bulletin on Strategies for Improving Back-End Reactivity of Bismuth Carboxylate Catalysts


Request A Sample Download The Technical Data Sheet

Technical Information

  • Product Category Organotin

  • Chemical Name Dibutyltin bis-(isooctyl mercaptoacetate)

  • CAS Number 25168-24-5

Typical Specifications

Parameter Range
Tin Content (%) 18.0 - 19.2
Density (g/ml) 1.07 - 1.16
Viscosity (cP @ 20°C) 45 - 75
Color (Gardner Number) 4 Max

International Regulatory Listings

  • TSCA (US) Yes

  • DSL (Canada) Yes

  • AICS (Australia) Yes

  • KECI (South Korea) Yes

  • IECSC (China) Yes

  • ENCS (Japan) Yes

  • TCSI (Taiwan) Yes

  • NZloC (New Zealand) Yes

  • PICCS (The Philippines) Yes

  • NDSL (Canada) No

  • REACH (EU) No


Unlike standard organotin carboxylates, sulfur-bearing organotins are primarily used as a catalyst for polyurethanes. The reactivity of catalysts such REAXIS® C418, tend to be inactive in silicone and esterification- related applications.   As the sulfur ligand acts as a blocking agent, thermal deblocking is required to initiate the back-end cure. Thus, catalysts such as REAXIS® C418 tend to perform best in adhesive, elastomer, and foam applications with adequate exotherms. For coatings applications, REAXIS® C418 can be used in baked cured systems in contrast to ambient cured systems. 



As is typical of most organotin and inorganic tin catalysts, the specific ligand contributes a major influence on overall reactivity. This is specifically highlighted regarding  sulfur bearing ligands. In general, these sulfur ligands impart improved front-end delay and hydrolytic stability versus standard tin carboxylates. Standard ligands include thiols, mercaptides and mercaptoacetates. Reactivity as defined by delay, thermal availability, hydrolytic stability, and final cure will depend on the specific ligand, tin content, alkyl group and, most importantly, other raw materials used in the specific polyurethane formulation. In regard to the reactivity of the various urethane reactions, catalysts such as REAXIS® C418 will selectively catalyze the isocyanate-polyol reaction, with less of an effect on the water reaction. Given its smaller alkyl group and related higher tin metal content, REAXIS® C418 is expected to have a higher reactivity compared to the octyl analogue, REAXIS® C214. 


Package & Storage

  • 44 lb (20 kg) plastic pail
  • 485 lb (220 kg) plastic drum

REAXIS® C418 should be stored in the original packaging at moderate temperatures and kept from freezing. The container should be closed tightly after each use to maximize shelf life. Characteristic of most Sn (IV) organotins, the primary cause of instability would be hydrolysis. Although more stable compared to organotin carboxylates, long-term contact with moisture could result in hydrolysis with the formation of tin oxide insolubles leading to deactivation of REAXIS® C418. 


Safety and Handling

Before use of Reaxis products please refer to the relevant Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for safety and toxicological data as well as for the information on proper transportation, storage, and use. SDSs are available by request via our web site, contacting your local representative, or emailing direct to




This information is provided to the best of our knowledge but without obligation. Reaxis is not liable for any incorrect or missing information. This data sheet becomes invalid upon publication of a new version. Please contact us for the latest version.

Reaxis R Logo

Question About Our Products?

Are you unsure of what you are looking for? We want to hear your story. Maybe we can become a part of it.

Speak With An Expert